Five steps of PCB copying

Five steps of PCB copying

PCB copy board, under the premise that there are already electronic products and circuit boards, use the reverse technology to reversely analyze the circuit board, and carry out the technical documents such as the PCB file, bill of materials and schematic diagram of the original product. The restoration operation, and then use these technical files and production files for PCB board, component soldering, board debugging, complete the entire copy of the original circuit template.

First, take a PCB board, first need to record the model, parameters and position of all the components, especially the direction of the diode, the three-stage tube, the direction of the IC gap. It is best to take a photo of two component locations with a digital camera.

Second, remove all components, the tin in the PAD hole should be removed. Wipe the board with alcohol and put it into the scanner. When scanning the scanner, slightly raise the scanned pixels to get a clearer image. Then polish the top and bottom layers slightly with water gauze, polish it to the copper film, put it into the scanner, start PHOTOSHOP, and scan the two layers in color. Note that the PCB must be placed horizontally and vertically in the scanner, otherwise the scanned image will not be used.

Third, adjust the contrast of the canvas, the brightness and darkness, so that the part with the copper film and the part without the copper film form a strong contrast, then turn the picture into black and white, check whether the line is clear, if it is not clear, continue to adjust. If it is clear, save the picture as two files in black and white BMP format. If you find that there is a problem with the graphic, you need to use PHOTOSHOP to correct it.

  1. Convert the two BMP format files into PROTEL format files, and transfer them into two layers in PROTEL. If the positions of the two layers of PAD and VIA are basically coincident, it indicates that the first few steps are very good, if there is deviation, Then repeat the third step until the end of the match, convert the BMP of the TOP layer into TOP.PCB, pay attention to the layer that is converted to the SILK layer, which is the yellow layer, then you can trace the line in the TOP layer, and according to the second step Place the device on the drawing. After the painting is finished, the SILK layer is deleted, and it is repeatedly known to draw all the layers.
  2. In the PROTEL, transfer the TOP.PCB and BOT.PCB into a picture and it will be OK. Print the TOP LAYER and BOTTOM LAYER on the transparencies with a laser printer (1:1 ratio), put the film on the PCB, and compare whether there is any error. If it is correct, it will be successful.

Since the electronic products are all operated by the core control parts of various circuit boards, the process of extracting a complete set of technical data of any electronic product and copying and cloning the product can be completed by using a process such as PCB copying.


Grace Zheng


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