Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are semiconductor diodes.
LEDs belong to the group of electroluminescent luminaries, and they generate light by recombining charge-carrier pairs in a semiconductor with an
appropriate energy band gap.
LEDs are utilized in both industrial and consumer markets because of their low operating voltage and power, compact sizes, and extended lifetime
and stability. One of their most appealing characteristics is their ability to generate light without generating much heat, which makes them safe for
Their characteristics are the main reason that LEDs are embedded in printed circuit boards (PCBs).
The LEDs are dependable and efficient enough for PCB applications.